According to our member company Tilleke & Gibbins, the Contract Committee of Thailand’s Consumer Protection Board has issued new requirements and prohibitions for consumer loan agreements. The Notification of the Contract Committee Re: Stipulation of Loan Business for Consumers as a Contract-Controlled Business B.E. 2565 (2022) was published in the Government Gazette on December 13, 2022, and will take effect after 90 days (i.e., on March 13, 2023).
The notification repeals and replaces the Contract Committee’s previous notifications regarding the same subject matter, which were issued in 2001 (Nos. 1–2), 2002 (No. 3), and 2015 (No. 4). The notification enhances protection for consumers by extending the scope of application and stringently regulating the content of agreements for loans to individual consumers.
The scope of the notification is largely indicated by its definitions of a few key terms:
- “Loan business for consumers” refers to a business in which the operator enters into an agreement to grant a loan to a consumer (i.e., not a juristic person) or to allow the consumer to borrow money from the business operator, whereby the consumer will spend money for a purpose other than their occupation or business to earn income. This includes granting loans to consumers through an electronic channel. The notification can also apply to personal loan businesses, digital loan businesses, and peer-to-peer lending businesses regulated by the Bank of Thailand.
- “Business operators” include financial institutions under the law relating to financial institutions; banks established under specific laws; individuals who carry out a loan business in their ordinary course of business; and juristic persons that engage in loan business, securitization business, or asset management of rights to monetary claim. Certain types of businesses and organizations—such as cooperatives—are excluded from the scope of this notification.
- “Interest” means legal interest in accordance with the Civil and Commercial Code, and it includes compensation, profits, and other benefits with the same characteristics as legal interest, regardless of name.
Source: Tilleke & Gibbins